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Microorganisms play a vital role directly or indirectly in our life. It may be beneficial or harmful for human being. One of beneficial uses of microorganisms is its application and use for industrial purposes to produce antibiotics and/ or drugs. By administration of antibiotics/ drugs for microbial infections and other diseases, patients get antibiotics/ drugs induced digestive disorders and side effects. These problems attract the scientists to explore a new approach for the treatment which reduces the risk of digestive tract disorder in host. Although Metchnikoff gives the concept of probiotics in the beginning of 19th century, but recently scientists are in trend to use friendly microorganisms (Probiotics) individually or in combination (Like, Bacterial species Lactobacillus sporogenes, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus plantarum, Bifidobacterium, and Yeast species Saccharomyces boulardii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae etc.) along with the core drugs of related illness to reduce digestive disorders and health improvement in host animals. When live microorganisms are administered in an effective amount or numbers in host and they confer health benefit on the host by maintaining the intestinal microbiota known as Probiotics. The term Probiotic was derived from the Greek, meaning "for life." An expert panel commissioned by FAO and WHO defined probiotics as "Live microorganisms when administered in adequate amount confer a health benefit on the host." This definition should be used, and probiotics should not be referred to as bio-therapeutic agents.

Probiotics are of increasing use against intestinal disorders such as antibiotics based diarrhea and inflammatory bowel disease. They act as nonpathogenic stimuli within the gut to regain immunologic quiescence. Probiotics are also of great significance to subjects suffering from environmental illnesses by reducing the number and severity of food and allergens based allergies. Microbial probiotics have been reported to have many beneficial effects when they are used in animal feeds; these effects include competitive exclusion of pathogens and improved digestion and absorption of nutrients.

Although probiotics play key role in human/animal nutrition, their modes of action have not been resolute yet. But several mechanisms for instance; producing antimicrobial substances, stimulating mucus secretion strengthening gut barriers function, competing for adhesion sites, stimulating specific and non specific immune responses; by which probiotics mediate their anti infection effects have been suggested.

Probiotics Human HealthCare Product List